Chengdu municipal government announced on May 26 an important archaeological discovery was made at the city center that brings to light a large recreation area in ancient Chengdu.
Chengdu residents are delighted at the newest find that will provide earthly evidence to make a more conceivable picture about what the city looked like in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), which is regarded as the most glorious period in the Chinese history. Chengdu municipal government announced on May 26 an important archaeological discovery was made at the city center that brings to light a large recreation area in ancient Chengdu.
Officials from cultural protection departments of the city said the initial phase of the excavation had revealed a site of walls, roads, wells, palaces, residential communities, and a large lake that dates back to the Sui Dynasty (581-618).
The ancient lake, called Mohe Pond and with an area of 67 hectares (the size that of about 100 standard football pitches) in its prime time, served as the central park of the city, the royal garden and the pleasure grounds in periods spanning more than 800 years before it was finally reclaimed to make space for living areas under the pressure of growing population during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Also unearthed in the discovery are potteries, ceramic ware, iron and copper instruments, coins and building materials. Experts said that the find is one of the most important archaeological discoveries in 50 years and provides plentiful materials for the study of the history of Chengdu.
Records indicate that the area was made the royal garden of the local separatist states (former and later Shu) during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907-960), when the Mohe Pond was expanded and nearby constructions were erected. Experts have found a site that is believed to be a well of the period, which confirms the recorded history and that the area around the present Tianfu Square has been the center of Chengdu since the ancient times.