The Global World Wildlife Day Celebrations Is Held on 3 March 2022 
author: Go Chengdu 2022-03-07

World Wildlife Day (WWD) was celebrated on 3 March 2022 under the theme "Recovering key species for ecosystem restoration." The celebrations sought to draw attention to the conservation status of some of the most critically endangered species of wild fauna and flora and drive discussions towards imagining and implementing solutions to conserve them. 


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According to data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, over 8,400 wild fauna and flora species are critically endangered. At the same time, close to 30,000 more are understood to be endangered or vulnerable. Based on these estimates, it is suggested that over a million species are threatened with extinction.


Continued loss of species, habitats, and ecosystems also threatens all life on Earth, including us. People everywhere rely on wildlife and biodiversity-based resources to meet all our needs, from food to fuel, medicines, housing, and clothing. Millions of people also rely on nature as the source of their livelihoods and economic opportunities.


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In 2022, World Wildlife Day drove the debate towards the imperative need to reverse the fate of the most critically endangered species, support the restoration of their habitats and ecosystems, and promote their sustainable use by humanity.



As one of the provinces in China with many biodiversity hotspots, research bases, and conservation bases, Sichuan pays close attention to the celebrations. Most of these sites are also developed as scenic spots to help the public better understand the concepts of biodiversity and animal conservation.



Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding



Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding (hereinafter referred to as the Base) is 10 km away from the city center and over 30 km from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport. 


Proclaimed the 'ecological demonstration project for the ex-situ conservation of giant pandas,' the Base, covering an area of 1,000 mu (66.67 hectares), serves as the world's torchbearer for the ex-situ conservation of giant pandas, scientific research and breeding, public education, and educational tourism. 


The Base wears its title very well as the sanctuary for giant pandas, red pandas, and other endangered wild animals exclusive to China. The scenery is astonishing: trees clothe the slopes, crystal clear rivers wind down, forests line the paths, and birds chirp in harmony. As a bastion of bliss, the Base is China's worst-kept secret - 'the natural paradise of national treasures and our Xanadu'.


(Photo by Giant Panda Breeding Research Base)



Jiuzhai Valley



The varied habitats and wide altitudinal range make for highly diverse and biologically important fauna. There are  27 national-level protected species like Giant Panda, Sichuan Golden Monkey, Gnu, White-lipped Deer, Black-necked Crane, Swan, Mandarin Duck, Red-belly Golden Pheasant, Leopards, Forest Musk Deer, and Otter.


(Photo by Jiuzhai Valley)


Giant pandas are active in the region but have not been spotted within the Jiuzhai Valley boundaries for several years. One reason for this is a result of the flowering of Jiuzhai Valley's bamboo during the 1980s. Once bamboo flowers, it almost inevitably dies and can take from 12-22 years to re-grow. The result of this was a loss of the panda's food source, so they needed to move on to new pastures. In 2011, many signs of panda activity, including droppings and feeding grounds, were spotted just outside the national park boundaries. As the bamboo within the national park continues to re-grow, it is hoped the panda will continue to thrive in the region.


(Photo by Jiuzhai Valley)


Two hundred twenty-three bird species have been recorded in Jiuzhai Valley National Park. These include Lesser Kestrel, Chinese Grouse, Sichuan Jay, Snowy Creek Laughing Thrush, Rufus-headed Robin, and a subspecies of Tengmalm's Owl.


(Photo by Jiuzhai Valley)



Mount Gongga



As a typical representative of the Hengduan Mountain range, one of the 25 global biodiversity hotspots, and an important ecological barrier in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, the ecological status of Mount Gongga is highly significant. The complex and diverse natural geographical conditions have bred various animal and plant species.


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There are 3795 species of plants in reserve, including 17 national-level protected plants, such as Yew tree, Monophyllum, Fan Fern, wild Buckwheat, Etc. 


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There are 587 species in total, and 78 species of wild animals are under national-level protection, including Giant Panda, Sichuan Golden Monkey, White-lipped Deer, Black-necked Crane, Snow Leopard, Leopard, and Wildebeest.



Edited by Zhu Haiyue