Natural biodiversity and Land of Abundance

Authors: Go Chengdu


The city has a lot to offer — diversified terrestrial features, abundant resources, agreeable living habitats, rich culture and colorful lifestyles.
The city has a lot to offer — diversified terrestrial features, abundant resources, agreeable living habitats, rich culture and colorful lifestyles.

The Chengdu Plain, on which Chengdu is located, is the largest flatland in southwestern China with an area of 23 thousand square kilometers and an elevation ranging from 450 meters to 720 meters.

The vast fertile alluvial plain is bordered by high mountains in the west and northwest. These mountainous regions have the elevation exceeding 3,000 m and are home to a large pristine forests and giant panda habitats. The Chengdu Plain’s eastern border meets the lower Longquan Mountains. Several rivers run across the land before entering into the Minjiang River, one of the main tributaries of the Yangtze River, leaving the land with fertile soil that, together with the favorable climate, makes the plain the “Land of Abundance”.

Neighboring prefectures of Chengdu are Deyang (NE), Ziyang (SE), Meishan (S), Ya’an (SW), and the Aba (Ngawa) Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture (N).

Chengdu enjoys a mild but humid climate with abundant rainfall and distinct seasons. The high Qinling Mountains to the north shield the city from cold winds in the winter, while the moist soft winds from the river valleys in the south provide soothing air to reduce temperature in the summer. The city has a milder winter and a cooler summer compared with most areas that fall within the same latitude in China ― snow is rare in winter and though summer is hot, the temperature seldom exceeds 33 degrees Celsius (91 Fahrenheit).

Chengdu has plentiful rains all year round but the rainfall is the greatest in July and August. It also has one of the lowest annual sunshine totals nationally, with less sunshine annually than much of Northern Europe, and most days are cloudy and overcast even if without rain.

The Dujiangyan Irrigation System, located in Dujiangyan city in the north of Chengdu, plays a very important role in making Sichuan the most productive agricultural base in China. Since its completion more than 2,000 years ago, the system has provided irrigation and made the Chengdu Plain “a land without floods and droughts”.

Today, Dujiangyan is a major tourist attraction. In 2000, Dujiangyan became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Owing much to its complex terrestrial features, Chengdu boasts abundant biodiversity and natural attractions. A survey by Chengdu Forestry and Landscape Administration in 2013 shows that many rare fauna and flora species, including some in the list of the national protected species are found in the area. Prominent examples include the giant panda, lesser panda, gingko tree, the wild yew (Taxus chinensis) and the dove tree (Davidia involucrata). 

Moreover, numerous natural attractions can be found in this city: the Sansheng Village to see the flowers, the Chaoyang Lake to go boating, the Huanhuaxi Park to watch birds, and the Xiling Snow Mountains to go skiing.

The municipal government of Chengdu has paid great efforts in increasing the forested land and wetland so as to further improve the living environment in urban and suburban areas. One example is the newly finished Jincheng Lake, which is close to the Chengdu Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone and has an expanse of 670,000 sq. m.
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