Chengdu features the diversity and co-existence of cultural elements that highlight the unique and attractive history and culture of the city.
Chengdu is one of the ten ancient capitals of China with a civilization spanning thousands of years.
In the 13th century, Marco Polo first traveled Chengdu and wrote "Chengdu (成都，literally 'The Capital City' in the Chinese language) is a magnificent city, just as its name indicates."
Chengdu has experienced 4,500 years of changes in its culture, history, art, nature, cuisine and customs, leaving rich heritage and valuable treasures to the present time.
Chengdu has numerous tourist attractions, in particular the national level scenic spots and historical and cultural sites. There are many famous scenic spots in urban and suburban Chengdu and the neighboring areas, which record historical change and preserve cultural heritage.
Cultural industrial projects such as Eastern Suburb Memory and U37 Factory are witnesses of the changes in Chengdu in modern times. Much of the culture and heritage of Chengdu can be found in the city's museums, libraries, theaters and art galleries.
Du Fu's Thatched Cottage Museum is a park and museum in memory of Du Fu, a great poet of the Tang dynasty. The key buildings in the park were constructed in the early 16th century and extensively renovated in 1811.
The site is one of major recent archaeological discoveries in China. More than 5,000 relics, including items of gold, jade, bronze and stoneware are on display at the museum.
Wuhou Shrine (Temple of Marquis Wu) is the most influential museum of the Three Kingdoms culture in China.
Jinli Street is one of the most popular spots in downtown Chengdu featuring old-style architecture of West Sichuan and local culture. The name "Jinli" dates back to the Han dynasty about 2, 000 years ago and means "the street of embroidery workshops".
Qingyang Temple was originally built in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), and most parts of the current temple were renovated in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Many important exhibits of Taoist relics are on display.
Located in Guanghan City, about 50 km north to Chengdu, the museum is a gateway to a mysterious civilization that flourished some 4, 000 years ago.
The largest well-preserved Buddhist temple in downtown Chengdu, Wenshu Monastery was first built in the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and is dedicated to Wenshu (Manjushri, the god of wisdom).
Daci Monastery was first built in the Sui Dynasty (581-618) and experienced several reconstructions in history. The current buildings were mainly constructed in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
The expansive site of the mausoleum of the royal family members of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).
Sichuan opera is an important part of Chengdu culture. Acts or stunts like "face changing变脸", "fire spitting喷火" and "Rolling Light滚灯"have developed a school of its own. The libretto of Sichuan Opera is humorous and flush with vivid expressions and local characteristics.
Drinking tea is an age-old custom among Sichuan people and this is why tea houses flourish everywhere in the province. All the tea houses are rich in local culture, featuring low cost and considerate service.